Whitehall, Home of Henry Morrison Flagler, Palm Beach Island, FL National Historic Landmark #2
Henry Flagler put Florida on the map and made it accessible by train to all. He started in St. Augustine and worked his way down the coast to Palm Beach. Whitehall was the home he built for his second wife, Mary Lily.
It was a rainy day when I visited Whitehall. I have to say I was slightly underwhelmed when I saw it. It's very nice but it certainly didn't look like it was going to live up to the reputation that had been reported by a New York paper in 1902 as "More wonderful than any palace in Europe, grander and more magnificent than any other private dwelling in the world...". And it certainly didn't look like it could possibly have 100,000 square feet of living space. Trust me; it does.
Notice the large marble urns at the entrance of the home. Now look at the next picture below which shows how large those urns really are. They are about 8 feet tall and on the pedestals they stand about 12 feet tall. The home is so beautifully proportioned that it fools the eye into seeing it much smaller than it is. As we enter the home you will understand what I'm speaking of.
Step inside this gorgeous home. The foyer or Grand Hall as the Flaglers called it, is breathtaking and occupies 4,000 square feet of the home! I wonder where I should hang my raincoat?
Bust of Caesar Augustus
A priceless clock
A portrait of Henry is at the left side of the Grand Hall at the entrance to his study.
A Venetian wedding chest was part of Mary Lily's wedding present from Henry.
Again, the foyer is just as deceiving as the facade of the house in it's visual intake. Yes, it's grand and makes an artful first impression, but never would one guess that it is 4,000 sq. ft. It takes a master architect to create such a space. The home had such a familiar feeling to me as I looked around. It was then that I learned the same architects, John Carrere and Thomas Hastings, that created Whitehall, had also first designed Flagler's Ponce de Leon Hotel in St. Augustine, Florida (now Flagler College). Well that explains that familiar feeling! Carrere and Hastings were so gifted at creating Gilded Age buildings that were stunning, yet very comfortable and dare I say, homey. How do you accomplish that in a 100,000 sq. ft. house?!?
The entire home is built around a two story courtyard, which was not only for aesthetics but also for cooling the home.
Let's start with Henry's study to the left of the Grand Hall/Foyer.
From Henry's study we go through to the music/art gallery.
great works of art by Italian masters lined the walls
Every chandelier in the home is Baccarat crystal. The small beads that drape from the upper edge down to the bottom center are about 1/2" in diameter and are hand strung. Each chandelier contains thousands of crystals and there are many in the home.
Even the servant's doors were opulent
Now let's continue on to the Grand Ball Room. This is the ceiling that leads to the Ball Room.
To the left in the hallway is the men's lounge, aka the man cave. This is where the men would escape the dancing in the ball room and play pool and smoke cigars.
The ball room is directly across the hall.
The courtyard is through several sets of french doors on the right side of the ball room and the conservatory is through the french doors on the right side of the ball room. Can't you just imagine a summer evening with all the doors flung open and people dancing and mingling?
The Flagler's put on a George Washington Ball annually.
This is the conservatory, which would have been filled with exotic plants and greenery.
Moving on to the dining room!
I'd like you to notice the ceiling. The only time I have seen a ceiling this ornate was in the Doge's Palace in Venice, Italy.
Another interesting fact about Whitehall is everything that looks like gold in the home is actually aluminum! Now before you start thinking 'Ol Henry was cheap, consider this: When Henry built Whitehall, aluminum was much more expensive than gold!
Peeking from the far end of the dining room into the salon. This salon is directly to the right of the Grand Hall where we came in. Dinner guests of the Flaglers would have mingled here until dinner was served.